First Peoples

In 2021, September 30th was designated as a National Day for Truth and Reconciliation.

To promote awareness and reconciliation, the Ladysmith & District Historical Society posted information daily throughout the week about BC First Nations and on some aspects of Truth and Reconciliation in Canada, providing as much local relevance as possible.

Our local First Nations

Today, there are approximately 200,000 Indigenous people in British Columbia. They include First Nations, Inuit and Métis.

Coast Salish First Nations
Coast Salish First Nations on south eastern Vancouver Island

Indigenous Languages in British Columbia

There are 34 Indigenous languages in BC, divided into 7 language families.

Seven First Nation Language Families in BC
Distribution of the Seven First Nation Language Families in BC

Kuper (Penelakut) Island Residential School

There were 18 Residential Schools in British Columbia, 4 on Vancouver Island.

BC residential schools

Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls in Canada

Indigenous communities and activist groups have long been advocating for action against the disappearance and murder of an alarming number indigenous women and girls in Canada.

Graphic of woman

Truth and Reconciliation Bent Wood Box

Created by Stz’uminus First Nations carver Luke Marston, this Bent Wood Box was commissioned in 2009 by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada.

Bent wood box

Truth & Reconciliation Commission of Canada

Truth & Reconciliation

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Canada was officially established on June 1 2008 with the purpose of documenting the history and lasting impacts of the Canadian Indian residential school system on Indigenous students and their families.

 Stz’uminus Canoes

Canoe races

The federal government has announced September 30th as National Day for Truth and Reconciliation. In honouring the First Nations, we’d like to present a history of their canoe races across the decades from c1905 to 2021.
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